Serum follicle-stimulating hormone, luteinizing hormone and testo

Serum follicle-stimulating hormone, luteinizing hormone and testosterone were evaluated before, and 1, 3, 6, 9, 12 and 18 months after surgery.

Results: In 46XY males with nonobstructive azoospermia serum follicle-stimulating hormone during 18 months of followup, and luteinizing hormone 1 and 3 months postoperatively were significantly increased vs baseline. No significant

differences were observed in testosterone at any postoperative time point vs baseline. In men with Klinefelter’s syndrome who underwent sperm extraction mean testosterone significantly decreased an average of 30% to 35% vs baseline when assessed 1, 3, 6, 9 and 12 months postoperatively. It PX-478 returned to 75% of the preoperative level after 18 months. In Klinefelter’s syndrome cases no significant differences were observed

in follicle-stimulating hormone and luteinizing hormone at each postoperative time point.

Conclusions: Hormonal followup after microdissection testicular sperm extraction is recommended, particularly in patients with Klinefelter’s syndrome, to prevent the deleterious consequences of hypogonadism.”
“OBJECTIVE: A practical alternative for endonasal retraction is presented.

TECHNIQUE: Following 100 endoscopic endonasal procedures at the University of Pittsburgh, a simple alternative for gentle tissue retraction was introduced for endoscopic endonasal procedures: the “”Q-tip”" cotton swab. Its fine shape allows it to be inserted through one of the nostrils, sharing the space with the other instruments and the endoscope while preserving freedom of movement. Its long dimension allows it to reach deep areas while it is actively held by one of the surgeons, and its stiffness

allows more or less force to be applied in any direction. Its soft head permits gentle touch of retraction without causing injury to the noble neurovascular structures of the cranial base.

CONCLUSION: During endoscopic endonasal Methocarbamol surgery, the instruments are operated through the nostrils, which are restricted passages. Any retractor utilized has to be thin to share the space with the other instruments, long enough to reach the cranial base, and soft to avoid tissue damage. All of these characteristics were encountered in the “”Q-tip”" cotton swab.”
“OBJECTIVE: Microsurgical and endoscopic colloid cyst excision differ with regard to operative time length of hospital stay, and extent of resection.

METHODS: A retrospective review of a single surgeon’s microsurgical colloid cyst resection in 10 consecutive patients was performed. Cyst size, hydrocephalus, symptoms, operative time, postoperative stay, complications, and objective testing of memory, concentration, calculation, and attention (cognition), along with performance at job, were noted.

RESULTS: All 10 patients had complete excision, Mean cyst size, mean operative time, and median postoperative stay were 1.6 cm, 124 minutes, and 3.5 days respectively.

Further analyses showed that DDX56 is not required for replicatio

Further analyses showed that DDX56 is not required for replication of WNV; however, virions secreted from DDX56-depleted cells contained less viral RNA and were 100 times less infectious. Together, these data suggest that DDX56 is required for assembly of infectious WNV particles.”
“The middle

T (MT) antigen of polyomavirus has provided fundamental insights into the regulation of mammalian cell growth in vitro and important animal models for the analysis of tumor induction. The mouse mammary tumor virus (MMTV)-MT model of breast cancer has been important for probing the cellular signaling pathways in mammary tumorigenesis. MT itself has no intrinsic enzymatic activity but, rather, transforms by binding to and activating key intracellular signaling molecules, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3-kinase) being the best studied of these. Thus, MT mimics a constitutively activated receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK). Our recent work suggests that MT signaling,

like that of RTKs, is often quite dependent on cellular context in vitro. Here, we examine contextual effects on signaling in animal models as well. In this study, we generated transgenic mice in which MT is expressed in the mouse prostate under the control of an (ARR) 2-Probasin promoter. All male transgenic mice displayed mouse prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (mPIN) in the ventral and dorsal/lateral prostate as early as 8 weeks of age. Notably, during the course of tumor development Palbociclib mouse over time, invasive cancer, reactive stroma, and infiltration of inflammatory cells were seen. Transcriptional profiling analyses show regulation of multiple pathways, with marked upregulation of both the NF-kappa B and inflammatory pathways. Comparison of expression profiles of our MT prostate model with those from an MMTV-MT breast model (23) shows both tissue-specific and tissue-independent MT effects. The

signature of genes regulated by MT in a tissue-independent manner may have prognostic value.”
“The 288-nucleotide very (nt) 3′ untranslated region (UTR) in the genome of the bovine coronavirus (BCoV) and 339-nt 3′ UTR in the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) coronavirus (SCoV) can each replace the 301-nt 3′ UTR in the mouse hepatitis coronavirus (MHV) for virus replication, thus demonstrating common 3′ cis-replication signals. Here, we show that replacing the 209-nt MHV 5′ UTR with the similar to 63%-sequence-identical 210-nt BCoV 5′ UTR by reverse genetics does not yield viable virus, suggesting 5′ end signals are more stringent or possibly are not strictly 5′ UTR confined. To identify potential smaller, 5′-common signals, each of three stem-loop (SL) signaling domains and one inter-stem-loop domain from the BCoV 5′ UTR was tested by replacing its counterpart in the MHV genome.

In contrast, leptin increased the amplitude of I-HVA in POMC-cont

In contrast, leptin increased the amplitude of I-HVA in POMC-containing neurons. The stimulations of I-HVA were inhibited by blockers of JAK2 and phosphatidylino 3-kinase (PI3-k). Both of these effects were counteracted by the L-type calcium channel antagonist nifedipine, suggesting that L-type calcium channels were involved

in the regulation induced by leptin. These data indicated that leptin exerted opposite effects on these two classes of neurons. Leptin directly inhibited I-HVA in NPY neurons via leptin receptor (LEPR) -JAK2-MAPK pathways, whereas evoked I-HVA in POMC neurons by LEPR-JAK2-PI3-k pathways. These neural pathways and intracellular signaling AC220 datasheet mechanisms may play key roles in regulating NPY and POMC neuron activity, anorectic action of leptin and, thereby, feeding. (C) 2008 Published by Elsevier Ltd on behalf of IBRO.”
“Background Studies have suggested that the prevalence of dementia is lower in developing than in developed regions. We investigated the prevalence and severity of dementia in sites selleck chemicals llc in low-income and middle-income countries according to two definitions of dementia diagnosis.

Methods We undertook one-phase cross-sectional surveys of all residents aged 65 years and older (n=14 960) in 11 sites in seven low-income and middle-income countries (China, India, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Venezuela, Mexico, and Peru). Dementia diagnosis was

made according to the culturally and educationally sensitive, 10/66 dementia diagnostic algorithm, which had been prevalidated in 25 Latin American, Asian, and African centres; and by computerised application of the dementia criterion from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM IV). We also compared prevalence of DSM-IV dementia in each of the study sites with that from estimates in European studies.

Findings The prevalence of DSM-IV dementia varied

widely, from 0.3% (95% CI 0.1-0.5) in rural India to 6.3% (5.0-7.7) in Cuba. After standardisation 3-mercaptopyruvate sulfurtransferase for age and sex, DSM-IV prevalence in urban Latin American sites was four-fifths of that in Europe (standardised morbidity ratio 80 [95% CI 70-91]), but in China the prevalence was only half (56 [32-91] in rural China), and in India and rural Latin America a quarter or less of the European prevalence (18 [5-34] in rural India). 10/66 dementia prevalence was higher than that of DSM-IV dementia, and more consistent across sites, varying between 5.6% (95% CI 4.2-7.0) in rural China and 11.7% (10.3-13.1) in the Dominican Republic. The validity of the 847 of 1345 cases of 10/66 dementia not confirmed by DSM-IV was supported by high levels of associated disability (mean WHO Disability Assessment Schedule II score 33.7 [SD 28.6]).

Interpretation As compared with the 10/66 dementia algorithm, the DSM-IV dementia criterion might underestimate dementia prevalence, especially in regions with low awareness of this emerging public-health problem.

“The Autographa californica multiple nucleopolyhedrovirus

“The Autographa californica multiple nucleopolyhedrovirus orf92 (p33), ac92, is one of 31 genes carried in all sequenced baculovirus genomes, thus suggesting an essential function. Ac92 has homology to the family of flavin adenine dinucleotide-linked sulfhydryl oxidases and is related to

the ERV/ALR family of sulfhydryl oxidases. The role of ac92 during virus replication is unknown. buy GSK1210151A Ac92 was associated with the envelope of both budded and occlusion-derived virus (ODV). To investigate the role of Ac92 during virus replication, an ac92-knockout bacmid was generated through homologous recombination in Escherichia coli. Titration and plaque assays showed no virus spread in ac92-knockout bacmid DNA-transfected insect cells. Deletion of ac92 did not affect viral DNA replication. However, ac92-knockout bacmid DNA-transfected cells lacked multiply enveloped occlusion-derived nucleocapsids; instead, singly enveloped nucleocapsids were detected. To gain insight into the requirement for sulfhydryl oxidation during virus replication, a virus was constructed in which the Ac92 C(155)XXC(158) amino acids, important for sulfhydryl oxidase activity, were mutated to A(155)XXA(158). The mutant virus exhibited a phenotype similar to that of the knockout virus, suggesting that the C-X-X-C motif was essential for sulfhydryl oxidase activity and

responsible for the altered ODV phenotype.”
“The Epstein-Barr virus immediate-early protein, BZLF1 (Z), initiates the switch between latent and lytic infection and plays an essential role in mediating viral replication. Z also inhibits expression of PND-1186 cell line the major receptor for tumor necrosis factor (TNF), TNFR1, thus repressing TNF cytokine signaling, but the mechanism for this effect is unknown. Here, we demonstrate that Z prevents both C/EBP alpha- and C/EBP beta-mediated activation of the TNFR1 promoter (TNFR1p) by interacting directly with both Ribonucleotide reductase C/EBP family members. We show that Z interacts directly with C/EBP alpha and C/EBP beta in vivo and that a Z mutant altered at alanine residue 204 in the

bZIP domain is impaired for the ability to interact with both C/EBP proteins. Furthermore, we find that the Z(A204D) mutant is attenuated in the ability to inhibit the TNFR1p but mediates lytic viral reactivation and replication in vitro in 293 cells as well as wild-type Z. Although Z does not bind directly to the TNFR1p in EMSA studies, chromatin immunoprecipitation studies indicate that Z is complexed with this promoter in vivo. The Z(A204D) mutant has reduced interaction with the TNFR1p in vivo but is similar to wild-type Z in its ability to complex with the IL-8 promoter. Finally, we show that the effect of Z on C/EBP alpha- and C/EBP beta-mediated activation is promoter dependent. These results indicate that Z modulates the effects of C/EBP alpha and C/EBP beta in a promoter-specific manner and that in some cases (including that of the TNFR1p), Z inhibits C/EBP alpha- and C/EBP beta-mediated activation.

Published by Elsevier Ltd “
“Prenatal ethanol exposure can d

Published by Elsevier Ltd.”
“Prenatal ethanol exposure can damage LY2835219 in vivo the developing nervous system, producing long-lasting impairments in both brain structure and function. In this study we analyzed how exposure to this teratogen during the period of brain development affects the intracellular redox state in the brain as well as the development of anxiety- and depressive-like phenotypes. Furthermore, we also tested whether aerobic exercise might have therapeutic potential for fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD)

by increasing neuronal antioxidant capacity and/or by alleviating ethanol-induced behavioral deficits. Sprague-Dawley rats were administered ethanol across all three-trimester equivalents (i.e., throughout gestation and during the first 10 days of postnatal life). Ethanol-exposed Cilengitide chemical structure and control animals were assigned to either sedentary or running groups at p ostnatal day (PND) 48. Runners had free access to a running wheel for 12 days and at PND 60 anxiety- and depressive-like behaviors were assessed. Perinatal ethanol exposure resulted in the occurrence of depressive and anxiety-like behaviors in adult rats without affecting their locomotor activity. Voluntary wheel running reversed the depressive-like behaviors in ethanol-exposed males, but not

in ethanol-exposed females. Levels of lipid peroxidation and protein oxidation were significantly increased in the hippocampus

and cerebellum of ethanol-exposed rats, and there was a concomitant reduction in the levels of the endogenous antioxidant glutathione. Voluntary exercise was able to reverse the deficits in glutathione both in Dichloromethane dehalogenase ethanol-exposed males and females. Thus, while voluntary physical exercise increased glutathione levels in both sexes, its effects at the behavioral level were sex dependent, with only ethanol-exposed male runners showing a decrease in depressive-like behaviors. (c) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Plasmodium parasites, the causal agents of malaria, dramatically modify the infected erythrocyte by exporting parasite proteins into one or multiple erythrocyte compartments, the cytoplasm and the plasma membrane or beyond. Despite advances in defining signals and specific cellular compartments implicated in protein trafficking in Plasmodium-infected erythrocytes, the contribution of lipid-mediated sorting to this cellular process has been poorly investigated. In this study, we examined the proteome of cholesterol-rich membrane microdomains or lipid rafts, purified from erythrocytes infected by the rodent parasite Plasmodium berghei. Besides structural proteins associated with invasive forms, we detected chaperones, proteins implicated in vesicular trafficking, membrane fusion events and signalling. Interestingly, the raft proteome of mixed P.

Larger studies are warranted to confirm our findings and prevent

Larger studies are warranted to confirm our findings and prevent this feared surgical complication. (J Vase Surg 2011; 54:699-705.)”
“Inadequate beta-cell mass can lead to insulin insufficiency and diabetes. During times of prolonged metabolic demand for insulin, the endocrine pancreas can respond by increasing beta-cell mass, both

by increasing cell size and by changing the balance between beta-cell learn more proliferation and apoptosis. In this paper, we review recent advances in our understanding of the mechanisms that control the adaptive expansion of beta-cell mass, focusing on the islet’s response to pregnancy, a physiological state of insulin resistance. Functional characterization of factors controlling both beta-cell proliferation and survival might not only lead to the development of successful therapeutic strategies to enhance the response of the beta-cell to increased metabolic loads, but also improve islet transplantation regimens.”
“BACKGROUND: After thoracolumbar corpectomy, standard anterolateral instrumentation

may consist of dual rods with cross-connectors. However, when the vertebral bodies are small or involved with disease, only 1 rod may be possible.

OBJECTIVE: To compare the biomechanics of an in vitro L1 corpectomy model using 1 rod, 2 rods, or 2 rods with 2 cross-connectors.

METHODS: Eight fresh frozen human cadaveric spines were potted GNS-1480 purchase from T9 to L3. Pure moments of 1.5, 3, and 4.5 Nm were applied, and the motion of the spine was measured using 3 infrared cameras. Loads were applied in flexion and extension, right and left lateral bending, and right and left axial rotation. Each spine was first tested in the intact state. After performing

an L1 corpectomy and replacement with a carbon fiber reinforced polymer cage, 3 constructs were tested: single rod (1R), dual rod (2R), and dual rod with 2 transverse connectors (CC).

RESULTS: Analysis of variance suggests significant main effects of load (P < .0001), axis (P = .022), construct Farnesyltransferase (P = .0019), and individual spine (P < .0001). Overall, the single-rod construct is significantly less rigid than the intact spine in axial rotation. There is no significant difference between the intact spine and either the dual-rod construct or the dual-rod cross-connector construct.

CONCLUSION: In our in vitro model of anterior spinal stabilization after corpectomy and grafting, a single-rod construct is significantly less rigid than the intact spine. Addition of a second rod returns the rigidity of the spine to the intact state. A dual-rod cross-connector construct is significantly more rigid than a single-rod construct.”
“Background. Improving patient safety has become a national priority. Patient safety indicators (PSIs) are validated tools to identify potentially preventable adverse events. No studies currently exist for evaluating lower extremity (LE) vascular procedures and the occurrence of PSIs.


There MS-275 was also a signal of exposure relative to discharge for the biomarkers CYP1A in fish and micronuclei in mussels. All other fish and mussel biomarkers showed no significant exposure effects in 2009. The mussel bioaccumulation data in 2009 indicated a lower exposure to the PW effluent than seen previously in 2008 and 2006, resulting

in an associated general improvement in the health of the caged mussels. This was due to the reduction in overall discharge of PW components (measured as oil in water) into the area in 2009 compared to previous years as a result of the improved PW treatment system.”
“In an international collaborative effort, an impact analysis tool is being developed to predict the effect of accidental oil spills on recruitment and production of Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) in the Barents

Sea. The tool consisted of three coupled ecological models that describe (1) plankton biomass dynamics, (2) cod larvae growth, and (3) fish stock dynamics. The discussions from a series of workshops are presented in which variables and parameters of the first two ecological models were listed that may be affected by oil-related compounds. In addition, ecotoxicological algorithms are suggested that may be used to quantify such effects and what the challenges and opportunities are for algorithm parameterization. Based on model exercises described in the literature, survival and individual growth of cod larvae, survival and reproduction find more of zooplankton, and phytoplankton GNAT2 population growth are denoted as variables and parameters from the ecological models that might be affected in case of

an oil spill. Because toxicity databases mostly (67%) contain data for freshwater species in temperate environments, parameterization of the ecotoxicological algorithms describing effects on these endpoints in the subarctic marine environment is not straightforward. Therefore, it is proposed that metadata analyses be used to estimate the sensitivity of subarctic marine species from available databases. To perform such analyses and reduce associated uncertainty and variability, mechanistic models of varying complexity, possibly aided by new experimental data, are proposed. Lastly, examples are given of how seasonality in ecosystems may influence chemical effects, in particular in the subarctic environment. Food availability and length of day were identified as important characteristics as these determine nutritional status and phototoxicity, respectively.”

BEACOPP, an intensified regimen consisting of bleomycin, etoposide, doxorubicin, cyclophosphamide, vincristine, procarbazine, and prednisone, has been advocated as the new standard of treatment for advanced Hodgkin’s lymphoma, in place of the combination of doxorubicin, bleomycin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine (ABVD).

As an end point, heart rate variability was assessed for 5 min, i

As an end point, heart rate variability was assessed for 5 min, in time and frequency domains, using SA-3000P (Medi-core(R), Korea). For the time domain, standard deviation of the NN intervals (SDNN) was measured. For the frequency domains, very low

frequency (VLF, <= 0.04 Hz), low frequency (LF, 0.04-0.15 Hz), high frequency (HF, 0.15-0.4 Hz), total power (TP, approximate to <= 0.4 Hz), LF/HF ratio, LF norm (LF/LF + HF), and HF norm (HF/LF + HF) were measured. The association between hair mercury concentration and heart rate variability was assessed after controlling for covariates, including age, gender, socioeconomic status, and 3-deazaneplanocin A molecular weight other relevant cardiovascular risk factors.

Results: In total, 1589 subjects with a mean age of 33 years (range: 5-83) were included in the final analysis. Hair mercury concentration ranged from 0.01 to 13.36 ppm with a geometric mean of 0.83 mu g/g. The hair mercury level was elevated for males, adults, and fish (especially sashimi) consumers, and higher household income group. When age was categorized into decades and analyzed separately, mercury significantly reduced HF measure in the second decade of age in Siwha area (beta = -0.193, p = 0.0469) and in the first decade of age in Banwol area (beta = -0.520, p = 0.0129). HF parameter decreased by 8.4% [95% confidence interval:

2.2-15.1%] with an 1 ppm increase in hair mercury concentration after adjusting for other selected variables in the multiple linear regression analysis.

Conclusions: The results suggest that mercury may affect the cardiac autonomic activity through parasympathetic dysfunction even at low exposure levels. (C) 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.”
“Although lead (Pb) exposure has been identified as an important risk factor in child behavioral development, less is known regarding the relation

between child behavior and exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and mercury (Hg). Inuit children are particularly exposed Thymidine kinase to these chemicals and the aim of this Study was to investigate the association between prenatal and postnatal exposure to Pb, PCBs, Hg and several aspects of behavioral function in Inuit preschoolers. The sample consisted of one hundred and ten 5-year-old Inuit children from Arctic Quebec. An umbilical cord blood sample was used to document prenatal exposure to Pb, PCBs and Hg. Child blood samples were collected at age 5 and the same contaminants were measured. A modified version of the Infant Behavior Rating Scale from the Bayley Scales of Infant Development-II Was used to assess child behavior through examiners’ ratings. Furthermore, attention, activity and emotional outcomes were assessed through behavioral coding of video recordings taken during fine motor testing.

Until recently, there was little convergent

Until recently, there was little convergent Hormones inhibitor evidence for analogous functional specialisation in humans, or for a role of the MTL in processes beyond long-term memory. A recent series of novel human neuropsychological studies, however, in which paradigms from the animal literature were adapted and extended, have revealed findings remarkably similar to those seen in rats and monkeys. These experiments have demonstrated

differential effects of distinct stimulus categories on performance in tasks for which there was no explicit requirement to remember information across trials. There is also accruing complementary evidence from functional neuroimaging that MTL structures show differential patterns of activation for scenes and objects, even on simple visual discrimination tasks. This article reviews some of these key studies and discusses the implications of these new findings for existing accounts of memory. A non-modular view of memory is proposed in which memory

and perception depend upon the same anatomically distributed representations (emergent memory account). The limitations and criticisms of this theory are discussed and a number of outstanding questions proposed, including key predictions that can be tested by future studies. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Cognitive control of thoughts, actions and emotions is important for normal behaviour and the development of such control continues throughout childhood and adolescence. Several lines of evidence suggest that response inhibition is Selleckchem Rigosertib primarily mediated by a right-lateralized network involving inferior frontal gyrus (IFG), presupplementary

however motor cortex (preSMA), and subthalamic nucleus. Though the brain’s fibre tracts are known to develop during childhood, little is known about how fibre tract development within this network relates to developing behavioural control. Here we examined the relationship between response inhibition, as measured with the stop-signal task, and indices of regional white matter microstructure in typically-developing children. We hypothesized that better response inhibition performance would be associated with higher fractional anisotropy (FA) in fibre tracts within right IFG and preSMA after controlling for age. Mean FA and diffusivity values were extracted from right and left IFG and preSMA. As hypothesized, faster response inhibition was significantly associated with higher FA and lower perpendicular diffusivity in both the right IFG and the right preSMA, possibly reflecting faster speed of neural conduction within more densely packed or better myelinated fibre tracts. Moreover, both of these effects remained significant after controlling for age and whole brain estimates of these DTI parameters.

Consequently, the European Commission reinforced the need and obl

Consequently, the European Commission reinforced the need and obligation of member-states to monitor exposure levels of PM and adopt measures to reduce this exposure. However,

in order to plan appropriate actions, it is necessary to understand the main sources of air pollution and their relative contributions to the formation of the ambient aerosol. The aim Temsirolimus in vitro of this study was to develop a methodology to assess the contribution of vehicles to the atmospheric aerosol, which may constitute a useful tool to assess the effectiveness of planned mitigation actions. This methodology is based on three main steps: (1) estimation of traffic emissions provided from the vehicles exhaust and resuspension; (2) use of the dispersion model

TAPM (The Air Pollution Model) to estimate the contribution of traffic for the atmospheric aerosol; and (3) use of geographic information system (GIS) tools to map the PM10 concentrations provided from traffic in the surroundings of a target area. The methodology was applied to an industrial area, and results showed that the highest contribution of traffic for the PM10 concentrations resulted from dust resuspension and that heavy vehicles were the type that most contributed to the PM10 concentration.”
“First-episode psychosis typically emerges during late adolescence or young adulthood, interrupting achievement of crucial educational, occupational, and social milestones. Recovery-oriented approaches to treatment may be particularly applicable to this critical phase JNJ-26481585 nmr of the illness, but more research is needed on the life and treatment goals of individuals

at this stage. Open-ended questions were used to elicit life and treatment goals from a sample of 100 people hospitalized for first-episode psychosis in an urban, public-sector setting in the southeastern 4��8C United States. Employment, education, relationships, housing, health, and transportation were the most frequently stated life goals. When asked about treatment goals, participants’ responses included wanting medication management, reducing troubling symptoms, a desire to simply be well, engaging in counseling, and attending to their physical health. In response to queries about specific services, most indicated a desire for both vocational and educational services, as well as assistance with symptoms and drug abuse. These findings are interpreted and discussed in light of emerging or recently advanced treatment paradigms recovery and empowerment, shared decision-making, community and social reintegration, and phase-specific psychosocial treatment. Integration of these paradigms would likely promote recovery-oriented tailoring of early psychosocial interventions, such as supported employment and supported education, for first-episode psychosis. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“This study was undertaken to determine whether there was a correlation between fine particles (PM2.