This lignocellulolytic residue has been used as substrate in mushroom production (Dias et al., 2003). It is important to point out that the use of these residues in the production of mushrooms prevents their direct release into the environment, increases the producer’s
income and leads to food product with high nutritional quality. Mushroom yields and their chemical composition can be affected by the substrates used in their growth (Shashirekha, Rajarathnam, & Bano, 2005). For instance, yields and chemical composition are enhanced by adding essential elements, such as Se, to the substrate. Addition of sodium selenite to the substrate used for growing Ganoderma Navitoclax cell line lucidum resulted in a proportional increase of Se content in the mushrooms ( Zhao et al., 2004). Studies have revealed that Se is incorporated into the P. ostreatus biomass, as this element was found to be associated with the membrane (44%) and cell wall (56%). Se incorporation into fungal proteins reveals a great potential to improve the nutritional value of the mushroom ( Munoz et al., 2006). In enriched mushrooms, the Se bioavailability was verified using in vivo methods. The higher
levels of absorption of Se in rats fed with Se enriched mushrooms were verified by Silva et al. (2010), which compared these results with the ones achieved Veliparib ic50 with rats with sodium selenate in their diets. Due to the high demand of food across the world, its enrichment with essential micronutrients, such as Se, is crucial. MycoClean Mycoplasma Removal Kit However, Se
can also be toxic when ingested in high concentrations (Gaso et al., 2000 and Hartikainen, 2005). The recommended dose for an adult, male or female, is 55 μg day1 (IOM, 2000). Selenium has several physiological functions in protein activity, enhancing immune system function, reducing cancer risk (Finley, 2006), collateral effects of chemotherapy (Sieja & Talercszyk, 2004) and functional activity of cancer metastasis (Finley, Sigrid-Keck, Robbins, & Hintze, 2005). Thus, the aim of this work was to evaluate the use of coffee husk in the production of Pleurotus ostreatus mushrooms enriched with selenium. The fungus used was P. ostreatus, and inoculation was performed in rice cooked with water for 50 min and autoclaved at 121 °C for 2 h. The coffee husk substrate was obtained from the Incofex Coffee Corporation, in Viçosa, Minas Gerais State, Brazil. The husk was boiled in water for 2 h, in order to reduce some compounds which could inhibit fungal growth and contaminants, and centrifuged at 1800 rpm for 5 min to remove excess water. Next, 1.5 kg of each sample were placed in polypropylene bags and autoclaved for 2 h. This procedure was repeated three times at 48-h intervals. The final humidity was 80%.