, 2007 and Carneiro et al., 2009). As B. guianensis is a dioecious species, outcrossing values were very high. However, differences between the multilocus outcrossing rate and single locus outcrossing rate were significantly different from zero (P < 0.05), suggesting the occurrence of bi-parental inbreeding within the population. Significant structure up to 300 m before logging was detected, with the coancestry coefficient
between individuals close to values expected between cousins (0.063). However, after logging the total population (reproductive trees and juveniles) did not show spatial genetic structure, suggesting that logging has Everolimus disrupted it ( Silva et al., 2008). The combination of wind and thrip pollinators of B. guianensis form ’thrip clouds’ that visit neighbouring trees, CX 5461 with three pollen donors per mother tree from a narrow geographic range. The non-random crossing of B. guianensis has important implications for conservation and seed collection programmes ( Silva et al., 2008). The Eco-gene simulation model was developed to study silvicultural impacts on temperate forests (Degen et al., 1996) and then adapted to be applied in tropical forest management (Degen et
al., 2003, Degen et al., 2004 and Kanashiro et al., 2002b). Considerable effort was taken to collect the information needed to run the model, and below we present some of the results. Sebben et al. (2008) provided results for the four species, B. guianensis, H. courbaril, M. huberi and S. globulifera, with the model parameterized using empirical
data from field studies in FLONA. Included data were genotypes at microsatellite loci, demography, ecology and growth for each species. Several scenarios, combining two different cutting diameters (45 and 60 cm dbh) and two different cutting cycles (30 and 65 years) as used in Brazil and French Guiana were tested. Logging scenarios were applied for six cutting cycles, and final genetic and demographic data PtdIns(3,4)P2 were compared to baseline data from corresponding control scenarios. At the end of the simulated period the basal area was strongly reduced under all conditions in B. guianensis, H. courbaril and M. huberi. Symphonia globulifera, however, was able to recover its basal area following logging in two scenarios. Based on these results, a Minimum Cutting Diameter (MCD) of 60 cm diameter at breast height was recommended. Simulations studies for D. odorata and J. copaia were undertaken by Vinson et al. (2013), which confirmed the importance in modelling of considering population density, growth patterns and breeding systems. Results in terms of basal area recovery were consistent with concerns stated by van Gardingen et al. (2006) who evaluated yield regulation options in the region. While the current Brazilian forest management regulations are sustainable for J. copaia, they are not for D. odorata in the long term.