In H. PF-3084014 supplier seropedicae reversible ADP-ribosylation of NifH by the DraT/DraG does not occur since draTG genes are absent  [GenBank:CP002039]. Although the mechanism of NH4 +-dependent nitrogenase control in this organism is not known, it is thought to be due to change in prevailing physiological conditions leading to nitrogenase inhibition. Since the glnK mutant is Nif-, we used strain LNglnKdel carrying plasmid pLNΔNifA
for the switch-off experiments. Addition of low selleck chemical concentrations of NH4Cl (300 μmol/L) to derepressed cells caused an inactivation of nitrogenase (Figure 2A). Wild-type and glnB strains retained less than 20% of initial nitrogenase activity 25 minutes after ammonium addition, which was restored to 60-70% of initial activity 60 minutes
after ammonium addition. This effect does not involve protein synthesis since the presence of chloramphenicol or tetracycline had no effect on this behavior . Although nitrogenase of strain LNglnKdel/pLNΔNifA was partially inhibited by ammonium addition, the strain retained about 50% of its initial activity, indicating only a partial nitrogenase switch-off (Figure 2A). After addition of 1 mmol/L of NH4Cl (Figure 2B) the activity of the wild-type and glnB strains dropped sharply to less than 30% and did not recover even 120 minutes after ammonium addition. In contrast, 40% of the initial nitrogenase activity was still present in the glnK strain 120 minutes after ammonium addition and the decrease in nitrogenase activity was slower: 20 minutes after ammonium addition the wild-type had only 25% activity, whereas the glnK strain had about 65% of the original nitrogenase activity. Androgen Receptor Antagonist These results indicate that GlnK is involved in the nitrogenase inactivation by NH4 + in H. seropedicae, and that GlnB cannot fully replace GlnK in triggering nitrogenase switch-off. It is interesting to note that there was also a delay in nitrogenase reactivation in the glnK mutant
Buspirone HCl (Figure 2A), which may suggest that GlnK is involved in both nitrogenase inactivation by NH4 + and re-activation upon NH4 + depletion. Figure 2 Effect of ammonium ions on nitrogenase activity in H. seropedicae wild-type, glnB and glnK strains. Nitrogenase switch-off/on of H. seropedicae wild-type, glnB and glnK carrying plasmid pLNΔNifA was performed as described. Cells were grown under nitrogenase de-repressing conditions when NH4Cl was added (arrow). Samples were analyzed 10, 20 and 30 minutes after acetylene injection to confirm linear nitrogenase activity. Panel A : addition of NH4Cl (0.3 mmol.L-1). Panel B : addition of NH4Cl (1 mmol.L-1). The results represent the average of experiments with three independent cultures and bars indicate the standard deviation. Recently results using a proteomic approach  showed that H. seropedicae GlnK is associated with the membrane at higher concentration immediately after addition of ammonium.