None of the patients had bilateral dermolipoma and OAVS Other as

None of the patients had bilateral dermolipoma and OAVS. Other associated ophthalmic features were limbal dermoids (2 cases), lateral canthal coloboma (3 cases), and facial nerve palsy (1 case).\n\nConclusions: Dermolipoma is an independent ocular association of OAVS that is more commonly. (C) 2013 by the American Academy of Ophthalmology.”
“Incorporating vertical vegetation structure into models of animal distributions can improve understanding of the patterns and processes governing habitat selection. LiDAR can provide such structural information, but these data are typically collected via aircraft

and thus are limited HM781-36B purchase in spatial extent. Our objective was to explore the utility of satellite-based LiDAR data from the Geoscience Laser Altimeter System (GLAS) relative to airborne-based LiDAR to model the north Idaho breeding distribution of a forest-dependent ecosystem engineer, the Red-naped sapsucker (Sphyrapicus nuchalis). GLAS data occurred within ca. 64 m diameter ellipses spaced a minimum of 172 m apart, and all occupancy analyses were confined to this grain scale. Using a hierarchical approach, we modeled Red-naped sapsucker occupancy as a function of LiDAR metrics derived from both platforms. Occupancy models based on satellite data were weak, possibly because the data within the GLAS ellipse did not fully represent habitat characteristics

important for this species. The most important structural variables influencing Red-naped Sapsucker breeding site selection based on airborne LiDAR data included foliage Selumetinib height diversity, the

distance between major strata in the canopy vertical profile, Small molecule library and the vegetation density near the ground. These characteristics are consistent with the diversity of foraging activities exhibited by this species. To our knowledge, this study represents the first to examine the utility of satellite-based LiDAR to model animal distributions. The large area of each GLAS ellipse and the non-contiguous nature of GLAS data may pose significant challenges for wildlife distribution modeling; nevertheless these data can provide useful information on ecosystem vertical structure, particularly in areas of gentle terrain. Additional work is thus warranted to utilize LiDAR datasets collected from both airborne and past and future satellite platforms (e. g. GLAS, and the planned IceSAT2 mission) with the goal of improving wildlife modeling for more locations across the globe.”
“Purpose To compare demographics, severity, and activity of thyroid eye disease (TED) in patients with hyperthyroidism (Hr-TED) vs primary hypothyroidism (Ho-TED).\n\nPatients and Methods In a cross-sectional study, demographics, complete eye examination, severity score (NOSPECS, total hundred eye score), clinical activity score, and Rundle grading were recorded for patients with TED and different thyroid disorders referred from an endocrinology clinic from 2003 to 2006.\n\nResults TED was clinically found in 303 patients (303/851, 35.6%).

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