Both anti-CD64 and methotrexate association were confirmed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and quantified yielding values as high as 36% and 79%, respectively. In vitro toxicity studies confirmed the methotrexate-loaded nanosystem to be more effective than the free drug. Conclusion: Multifunctional anti-CD64-conjugated poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) nanoparticles for the combined delivery of methotrexate and SPIONs were successfully prepared and characterized. This nanosystem has the potential to provide a new theranostic approach for the management of RA.”
“The BCR/ABL oncogene is responsible for the phenotype of Philadelphia chromosome-positive (Ph+) leukemia. BCR/ABL exhibits
an aberrant ABL-tyrosine kinase activity. The treatment of advanced Ph+ leukemia with selective ABL-kinase inhibitors such as Imatinib, Nilotinib buy Tubastatin A and Dasatinib is initially this website effective but rapidly followed by resistance mainly because of specific mutations in BCR/ABL. Tetramerization of ABL through the N-terminal coiled-coil region (CC) of BCR is essential for the ABL-kinase activation. Targeting the CC-domain forces BCR/ABL into a monomeric conformation reduces its kinase activity and increases the sensitivity for Imatinib. We show that (i) targeting the tetramerization by a peptide representing the Helix-2 of the CC efficiently reduced the autophosphorylation of
both unmutated and mutated BCR/ABL; (ii) Helix-2 inhibited the transformation potential of BCR/ABL independently of the presence of mutations; and (iii) Helix-2 efficiently cooperated with Imatinib as revealed by their effects on the
transformation potential and the factor-independence related to BCR/ABL with the exception of mutant T315I. These findings support earlier observations that BCR/ABL harboring the T315I mutation have a transformation potential that is at least partially independent of its kinase activity. These data provide evidence that the inhibition of tetramerization inhibits BCR/ABL-mediated transformation and can contribute Napabucasin to overcome Imatinib-resistance. (C) 2008 Wiley-Liss, Inc.”
“Multi-system pseudohypoaldosteronism (PHA) is a rare syndrome of aldosterone unresponsiveness characterized by symptoms of severe salt-losing caused by mutations in one of the genes that encode alpha, beta or gamma subunit of epithelial sodium channels (ENaC). We examined long-term changes in the renin-aldosterone response in patients with different mutations. Four PHA patients were followed-up for 7-22 years. Patient A with a heterozygous Gly327Cys missense mutation in alpha ENaC is a mild case and patients B, C and D are severe cases. Two additional patients with renal PHA served as controls. In patient A, serum aldosterone and plasma renin activity (PRA) decreased with age, PRA reaching near normal values at age 11. In contrast, patients B-D showed a positive correlation between age and aldosterone (r > 0.86 for all).