[6, 7] The French armed forces epidemiological surveillance syste

[6, 7] The French armed forces epidemiological surveillance system also made it possible to identify epidemic transmission in the French West Indies since June 2010, and therefore to increase mosquito control measures. This outbreak enabled a comparison between incidence rates from the local civilian surveillance system Selleck BAY 73-4506 and the French military system (respectively 10% and 6%, p < 10−9).[13] However, similar upward trends were observed. Civilian and military epidemic peaks occurred at the same time, in August 2010. Either military mosquito control measures protected soldiers from dengue infection, or the military surveillance system was less efficient or

sensitive. In these French territories, many soldiers consulted civilian instead of military physicians. That is not the case in foreign territories. However, similar upward trends were observed, with the epidemic peak occurring at the same time. A new, very sensitive Selleckchem Omipalisib early warning system is now being deployed in the French armed forces and will enable detection of very low increases of dengue-like fevers.[14] Therefore, French soldiers could serve as sentinels within the local population, with military epidemiological surveillance making it possible to detect increased virus circulation, in particular in countries without epidemiological tools. Military epidemiological surveillance systems

can detect dengue circulation where soldiers are stationed. Therefore, these systems could be used to evaluate dengue risk in countries without a local epidemiological surveillance system. The authors state that they have no conflicts of interest. Venetoclax cell line
“We report two cases of symptomatic neurocysticercosis in two migrants whose negative serology delayed appropriate treatment for 9 and 6 months, respectively. Seroconversion occurred after treatment, which was associated with paradoxical reaction in one patient. Long-term outcome was good in both patients. In Western countries, neurocysticercosis

(NCC) is mostly seen in migrants, native to endemic areas, and occasionally in travelers returning from such countries.[1, 2] The diagnosis relies on the association of compatible clinical symptoms, typical images on cranial computed tomography (CT) scan or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and positive serodiagnosis.[3-5] However, serologic tests display a high rate of false negatives[6, 7] Hence, a negative serology can cause futile and invasive procedures to confirm the diagnosis and delay the treatment by months as illustrated in the two following cases. A 35-year-old man native to South Africa, who moved to France in 2003, was admitted to a French university hospital in October 2009 complaining of headaches and photophobia. Physical examination was normal. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) showed no abnormalities.

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