The Rowett Institute of Nutrition and Health is funded by the Rur

The Rowett Institute of Nutrition and Health is funded by the Rural and Environment Science and Analytical Services Division (RESAS) of the Scottish Government. We thank S. James for his support and advice. “
“Lactobacillus rhamnosus strain GG (ATCC 53103) is one of the most widely studied and commercialized probiotic

strains, and thus strain-specific identification for the strain is highly valuable. In this study, two published PCR-based identification methods for strain GG, a transposase gene-targeting system and a phage-related gene-targeting system, were evaluated. The former produced amplicons from eight of the 41 strains tested and the phage-related system Idasanutlin ic50 from five of the tested strains, including the strain GG. Fingerprinting analysis indicated that the strains

LMG 18025, LMG 18030, and LMG 18038, which had an amplicon by the former system but none by the latter, were genetically distinguishable from L. rhamnosus GG at strain level. Strains LMG 23320, LMG 23325, LMG 23534, and LMG 25859 showed profiles very similar to that of the strain GG, suggesting that these strains might be identical to GG or derivative strains of it. The results here indicated that the phage-related gene-targeting system selleckchem is a good tool for accurate identification of L. rhamnosus GG. This system would be able to detect both the original L. rhamnosus GG and its derivative strains. Lactobacillus rhamnosus strain GG (=ATCC 53103) is one of the most widely studied and commercialized probiotic strains. Several functional and health-associated characteristics of the strain Tenofovir solubility dmso have been demonstrated, including enhancement of the mucus adhesion of other beneficial microorganisms (Ouwehand et al., 2000) and competitive exclusion

of human pathogens (Lee et al., 2003). In addition, in vivo intervention studies have suggested that administration of L. rhamnosus GG has an impact on atopic eczema in infants (Kalliomäki et al., 2001, 2003), healthcare-associated diarrhea, including rotavirus gastroenteritis in hospitalized children (Szajewska et al., 2011), the frequency and severity of abdominal pain with irritable bowel syndrome in children (Francavilla et al., 2010), and upper respiratory tract infections in children attending day-care centers (Hojsak et al., 2010). In view of the importance of the organism for both research and industrial applications, a strain-specific identification system would be the most valuable means of verifying the quality and presence of the strain both in food products and in human intestinal samples in follow-up and future intervention studies. Strain-specific identification was originally carried out by specific culture properties and then by DNA fingerprinting or enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) monoclonal antibodies (Yuki et al., 1999; Yeung et al., 2004; Coudeyras et al., 2008). However, these methods are time-consuming and need experienced experts to perform.

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