The association of filaggrin variants with asthma suggests skin barrier dysfunction as a novel, and potentially modifiable, mechanism driving early childhood asthma.”
“This study investigated whether ethanol combined with low doses of morphine produces rewarding effects in rats. Ethanol (0.075-1.2 g/kg, intraperitoneal [i.p.]) alone did not induce place preference. A moderate dose (1 mg/kg, s.c.), but not a low dose (0.1 mg/kg), of morphine induced a significant place preference.
The combination of ethanol (0.075-0.6 g/kg, i.p.) and 0.1 mg/kg of morphine, as well as low doses of morphine (0.03-0.1 mg/kg, subcutaneous [s.c.]) E7438 combined with ethanol (0.3 g/kg, i.p.), induced a significant place preference. The combined effect of ethanol and morphine was significantly attenuated by naloxone (0.3 mg/kg, buy Ulixertinib s.c.), naltrindole (1.0 mg/kg, s.c.), or long-term administration of the dopamine D1 receptor antagonist SCH23390 (1.0 mg/kg/day, s.c.). These results suggest that the rewarding effect induced by ethanol and a low dose of morphine is mediated by activation of the central opioidergic and dopaminergic systems through dopamine D1 receptors. (J Nippon Med Sch 2013; 80: 34-41)”
“The present study investigates antibacterial activity of tobacco
extracts from Nicotiana tabacum at different concentrations in different polar solvents. Six different extracts were prepared, using 5 different polar solvents viz., Ethanol, Ethyl acetate, n-Hexane, Acetone, Butanol and water. Four different concentrations (6, 12, 18 and 24 mg of sample disc(-1)) of each extract were subjected for preliminary antibacterial screening against seven pathogenic bacteria by Kirby-Bauer Disk Diffusion method. The result of in vitro antibacterial screening showed that 6 extracts from Nicotiana tabacum revealed different ranges of antibacterial activities. Ethyl acetate extracted samples
were more effective to control Bacillus cereus and Erwinia carotovora followed by butanol extracted Ferroptosis inhibitor samples against Staphlococcus aureus and Agrobacterium tumefaciens, while no significant inhibitory effects were observed in ethanol and hexane extracts. When tobacco extracts were studied for their antibacterial potential against gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria, the ethyl acetate extracts showed a good range of inhibitory effects against Bacillus cereus and Erwinia carotovora at highest concentration (24 mg sample disc-1). Hexane, ethanol and aqueous extracts did not show a significant range of inhibitory effect but acetone extracts indicated non significant inhibitory effects against S typhae, Staphlococcus aureus and Erwinia carotovora.