Studies treating primary and permanent teeth with primary caries lesions requiring a restoration were analyzed. The following primary and secondary outcomes were investigated: risk of pulpal exposure, post-operative pulpal symptoms, overall failure, and caries progression. Electronic databases were screened for studies from 1967 to 2012. Cross-referencing was used to identify further articles. Odds CA3 solubility dmso ratios (OR) as effect estimates were calculated in a random-effects model. From 364 screened articles, 10 studies representing 1,257
patients were included. Meta-analysis showed risk reduction for both pulpal exposure (OR [95% CI] 0.31 [0.19-0.49]) and pulpal symptoms (OR 0.58 [0.31-1.10]) for teeth treated with one-or two-step incomplete excavation. Risk of failure seemed to be similar for both complete and incomplete excavation, but data for this outcome were of limited quality and inconclusive (OR 0.97 [0.64-1.46]). Based on reviewed studies, incomplete caries removal SC75741 cell line seems advantageous compared with complete excavation, especially in proximity to the pulp. However, evidence levels are currently insufficient for definitive conclusions because of high risk of bias within studies.”
develop an idiographic and nomothetic patient-reported outcome measure (PROM) for the assessment and evaluation of patients with feet affected by rheumatoid arthritis (RA).
Study Design and Setting: The development of the Salford Rheumatoid Arthritis Foot Evaluation AS1842856 cost (SAFE) Instrument PROM was divided
into four stages: establishment of the PROM’s conceptual basis and content generation, following a descriptive phenomenological study; clinimetric instrument development; instrument pretesting, involving expert reviews and cognitive interviews; and demonstration of instrument measurement properties, including convergent validity and test-retest reliability of the nomothetic scale.
Results: A total of 123 items were initially generated for the SAFE, with 25 of them clinimetrically selected for nomothetic scale (SAFE-Part A) and 80 items initially included in the idiographic scale (SAFE-Part B). The pretesting strategy proved effective for improving and refining the SAFE, with the final draft consisting of 19 items in Part A and 42 items in Part B. The SAFE-Part A has strong evidence for convergent validity and test-retest reliability.
Conclusion: The SAFE features a nomothetic and idiographic assessment strategy that, with further development, will prove to be a valuable tool for clinicians involved in managing the foot health problems associated with RA. (C) 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.”
“Constituents of the fruits of Rubus corchorifolius were investigated. A new compound, namely rubusin A (1), along with three known compounds, was isolated and characterized. Among them, the new compound exhibited significant activity against kidney deficiency, and quercetin and kaempferol were isolated from the fruits of R.