“Optical absorption spectra of x-ray irradiated CdS1-xSex nanocrystals embedded in a borosilicate glass matrix are studied. The observed transformation of the confinement-related features in the spectra is related to the x-ray-induced negative ionization of the nanocrystals with charge transfer across the nanocrystal/matrix interface. The radiation-induced changes and their relaxation upon postirradiation storage as a function of nanocrystal size and composition are discussed. VX-765 mouse (C) 2010 American Institute of Physics. [doi: 10.1063/1.3409111]“
“Chronic low-grade inflammation
is involved in late renal transplant dysfunction. Recent studies suggest a role for hemopexin, an acute phase protein, in kidney damage. We investigated whether hemopexin activity (Hx) predicts graft failure in renal transplant recipients (RTRs). In 557 RTRs with functioning grafts for >= 1 year, Hx was measured in citrate-plasma. RTRs were divided according to Hx into two groups; A: sextile 1-5 (464 RTRs, 83%) and B: sextile 6 (92 RTRs, 17%). Hx [median (IQR) 11.1 (3.3-19.1) arbitrary units] was measured at 6.0 (2.6-11.5) years post-transplant. RTRs with high Selleck BAY 1895344 Hx (group B) had significantly higher urinary protein excretion (UP) and diastolic blood pressure
than group A, despite significantly more prevalent use of renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system inhibitors.
After follow-up [4.6 (3.8-5.2) years], incidence of graft failure in group A was 25 (5%) and in group B 14 (15%, P = 0.0009). After adjustment for high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP), UP and other potential confounders, Hx remained an independent predictor of graft failure [HR = 2.5 (95% CI 1.2-5.3), P = 0.01]. In conclusion, elevated Hx predicts late graft failure in RTRs, independent of hsCRP and UP. This suggests that Hx measurement, next to measurement of creatinine clearance and UP, could be of value for the identification of RTRs at risk for graft failure.”
“The aim of this study was to assess differences in nutritional status and their association with circulating leptin AZD4547 cost levels in the indigenous Tepehu ‘ an people of Mezquital Durango and Mestizo populations of Durango City, Mexico. A group of 128 volunteers aged 18 through 59 years were recruited for the study: 60 indigenous Tepehu ‘ an from Mezquital and 68 Mestizo individuals from Durango City. The classification of nutritional status was through body mass index (BMI). Clinical evaluations, including anthropometry and lipid profiles, were performed to ascertain the health of the participants. Circulating leptin levels were determined in blood samples after at 08 hours of fasting.