The results show the electron temperature and density from Sn pla

The results show the electron temperature and density from Sn plasma produced by a CO2 laser with wavelength of 10.6 mu m to be lower than previously reported results using a 1064 nm laser in a similar parameter regime. The lower temperature in the region far away from the target surface confirms the smaller interaction region for CO2 laser as compared with that of neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet laser. (C) 2010 American Institute of Physics. [doi: 10.1063/1.3475369]“
“Objective. The objective of this study was to histologically analyze the influence of the platelet-rich

plasma (PRP) on bone Elafibranor cost healing in surgically created critical-size defects (CSD) in the calvaria of diabetic rats.

Study design. A total of 20 diabetic rats were divided into 2 groups: C (control) and PRP. A 5-mm diameter CSD was created in the calvarium of each animal. In Group C, the defect was filled by blood clot only. In Group PRP, 0.35 mL of PRP was

IWP-2 supplier placed in the defects. All animals were humanely killed 30 days postoperatively. Histometric and histologic analyses were performed. Data were statistically analyzed (t test, P < .05).

Results. No defect completely regenerated with bone. Group PRP had a statistically greater amount of bone formation than Group C (37.22% +/- 6.00% and 21.68% +/- 11.35%, respectively).

Conclusion. PRP placed in the defects significantly enhanced bone healing in CSD in the calvaria of diabetic rats both qualitatively and quantitatively.

(Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 2010; 109: 72-78)”
“Lycoris radiata is a perennial herb that has been used in traditional Chinese medicine for a long time and has two main medicinal components in its bulb, lycorine and galanthamine. However, the original microsatellite loci have not been developed for any species of Lycoris. Total genomic DNA was extracted from fresh bulbs using a modified CTAB protocol. We isolated 10 microsatellite loci from 21 L. radiata individuals of a natural population from Yellow Mountain in Anhui Province, China. The number of alleles ranged from two to nine. The observed and expected heterozygosities ranged from 0.238 to 0.952 and from 0.455 to 0.784, respectively. One locus significantly deviated from CRM1 inhibitor Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium and no significant linkage disequilibrium was found between pairs of loci. Cross-species amplification of these microsatellite loci was characterized in additional five species (L. sprengeri, L. anhuiensis, L. albiflora, L. longituba, and L. chinensis) of Lycoris. The results suggest that these microsatellite markers would contribute to the population genetic studies of L. radiata and other related species.”
“We have obtained the magnetocaloric effect (MCE) in YbInCu4 under different pressures and magnetic fields. The MCE at the valence transition could be maximized using a combination of magnetic field and applied pressure.

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